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Maruyama Masao Project

Title

Intellectuals and Kyoyo (Self-Cultivation) in 20th Century Japan:
The Creation and Utilization of Masao Maruyama Collection Digital Manuscript Archive


This is a "MEXT-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities".


Objective

We need a new world view to solve complex problems today. Kyoyo (Gr. bildung, education, formation, or self-cultivation) that synthesizes diverse disciplines is essential for obtaining a new world view, which may lead us to solve the numerous issues that human society faces today.


The oeuvre of Masao Maruyama is significant in this regard. He was active in many intellectual areas in 20th century Japan, and developed a rich body of thought on kyoyo. While Maruyama's academic research centered on the history of Japanese political thought, his intellectual explorations were unconstrained by the discipline, and far more multifarious. Maruyama was arguably not only among the most well-rounded 20th-century Japanese thinkers in their kyoyo, but also a thinker who was constantly aware of the significance and relevance of kyoyo to his ideas and studies.


The Masao Maruyama Collection at Tokyo Woman's Christian University preserves Maruyama's personal library and notes/manuscripts in near-complete form. The Maruyama Masao Center for the History of Ideas at TWCU has been publishing unpublished manuscripts in the collection, issuing the Bulletin of Maruyama Masao Center for the History of Ideas, and hosting lectures, thereby contributing to a reassessment of Maruyama's work.


Based on the experience of organizing the Masao Maruyama Collection, the Maruyama Masao Center for the History of Ideas tries to reveal how Maruyama and other 20th century Japanese intellectuals built up and perceived kyoyo. We will also investigate the roles played by Inazo Nitobe, Shigeru Nambara, Masao Maruyama, and others in forming an international community of intellectuals, and explore new ways of forming intellectual communities in the 21st century. At the same time, we will create the Masao Maruyama Collection Digital Manuscript Archive, in order to make them widely accessible to both Japanese and international readers.


Through these activities, we contribute to the investigation of kyoyo and chi (knowledge, awareness) in the 21st century.


Project Outline

The project is organized under the two topics.


1.Kyoyo (self-cultivation) and Gakumon (Learning, Scholarship) of 20th Century Japanese Intellectuals

The Maruyama Masao Center for the History of Ideas will conduct multifaceted research on the processes by which 20th century Japanese intellectuals built kyoyo, and what their views on kyoyo and gakumon were. It will use both the published and unpublished manuscripts and other materials in the Masao Maruyama Collection.


2.Examination and Research of the Masao Maruyama Collection, and Creation of the Masao Maruyama Collection Digital Manuscript Archive

Beside 12,200 books on open shelves, there are over 6,000 books and periodicals with inscriptions, plus numerous music scores, manuscripts, notes, and correspondence. Studies over the past 13 years have revealed the profile of the collection as a whole to a significant extent, but research into specific materials, and the sharing of research outcome with academics within and outside Japan are yet to take place. By examining and studying the primary materials in the Masao Maruyama Collection, and by reprinting, publishing, and digitizing those of significance, the project aims to provide academics greater access to them, and promote a deeper understanding of Maruyama's ideas and scholarship.


Expected Outcome

The project aims to achieve the following:


  • Invigorate domestic and overseas research pertaining to 20th century Japanese intellectuals and kyoyo by completing the Masao Maruyama Collection Digital Manuscript, including unpublished manuscripts and materials.
  • Significantly advance Masao Maruyama studies and research in Japanese intellectual history by organizing and providing access to unpublished manuscripts and materials by Masao Maruyama.
  • Establish an international hub for Masao Maruyama studies and studies in Japanese intellectual history, and at the same time strengthen the research and educational base of Tokyo Woman's Christian University's social sciences.

Project Members

Theme 1: Kyoyo and Gakumon of 20th Century Japanese Intellectuals as Revealed by the Materials Included in the Masao Maruyama Collection

NameAffiliation and TitleResearch Topic
Nobuhiro Ando Professor, Tokyo Woman's Christian University Interaction and international awareness of late-Edo period intellectuals
Eiichi Ameda Professor, Tokyo Woman's Christian University Study of discussions on democratization, kyoyo, culture and education in postwar Japan
Rui Kohiyama Professor, Tokyo Woman's Christian University Genealogy of modern Japanese intellectuals and Christianity
Toshio Motegi Professor, Tokyo Woman's Christian University Discussions on East Asia and Masao Maruyama
Shigehiro Yuasa Professor, Tokyo Woman's Christian University Translation of Masao Maruyama's English transcripts
Daizaburo Yui Professor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo & Hitotsubashi University Masao Maruyama and post-WWII US-Japan relations
Jianying Ou Professor, Niigata University of International and Information Studies Comparative examination of Masao Maruyama's brand of intellectual history and contemporary Chinese thought
Tadashi Karube Professor, The University of Tokyo Genealogy of Masao Maruyama's seishin-teki kizokushugi [lit. morality of refinement]
Ge Sun Professor, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences International interpretation of the political nature of Masao Maruyama's political science
Andrew Barshay Professor, University of California, Berkeley History of intellectual interaction between Masao Maruyama and American intellectuals
Hiroshi Watanabe Professor, Hosei University Masao Maruyama's studies in Japanese political thought and their influence
Jin Makabe Professor, Hokkaido University Development of kyoyo education and the discipline of intellectual history in Japan

Theme 2:Examination and Research of the Masao Maruyama Collection and Creation of the Masao Maruyama Collection Digital Manuscript Archive

NameAffiliation and titleResearch topic
Fumitaka Kurosawa Professor, Tokyo Woman's Christian University Comprehensive examination and research of primary materials in the Masao Maruyama Collection
Fumio Doai Professor, Tokyo Woman's Christian University Examination and research of sheet music and inscriptions made on sheet music in the Masao Maruyama Collection
Hiroaki Matsuzawa Professor Emeritus, Hokkaido University Examination of Masao Maruyama's domestic and international incoming correspondence
Yoshikazu Nakada Professor, Gakushuin University Revisions and annotations to drafts pertaining to "Seito to Itan" [lit. orthodoxy and heresy]
Naoaki Hiraishi Professor Emeritus, The University of Tokyo Reconstruction of late 1950s "History of Japanese Political Thought" courses taught by Masao Maruyama (academic years 1956 and 59)
Haruo Miyamura Visiting Scholar, Seikei University Reconstruction of late 1950s "History of Japanese Political Thought" courses taught by Masao Maruyama (academic years 1957 and 58)
Yuri Kono Professor, Tokyo Metropolitan University Examination of the Seito to Itan Kenkyu Kai [lit. Orthodoxy and Heresy Study Group] and cataloging of relevant materials

Research Fellows and Staff

Project Researcher
Yuichi Kawaguchi

Staff Members
Takateru Harima, Kenji Horiuchi, Hajime Kaneko, Minako Sato, Haruhiko Yamabe